Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a treatment for psychological problems that seeks to address the thinking or behaviour patterns of a person with a mental health condition.
A classification of mental health counselling is cognitive-behavioural therapy which was founded in the 1960s by Dr. Aaron T. Beck.
Finding The Resources You Need To Beat Addiction
Help and resources from many people are required if you are looking to overcome an addiction. You would be able to become sober and avoid the chances of a relapse by using inpatient and outpatient drug addiction treatment centres. You can also learn the skills you need to stay sober from available psychological counsellors.
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They can get over any form of addiction by changing their mentality about it.
Many of the groups and rehabs are utilising Cognitive behavioural therapy in the recovery processes. CBT trains recovering addicts to find connections between their feelings, thoughts, and actions and increase their awareness of how these things affect their recovery.
Apart from addiction, CBT is also used for treating co-occurring disorders such as:
Attention Deficit Disorder [ADD]
Various forms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Loss of appetite
Various forms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
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CBT recognizes that many behaviours and feeling are dangerous and make no sense. Such reactions and feelings may be brought on by traumatic occurrence or background.
A recovering user may have certain negative thoughts that automatically come to mind and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can help to identify them. A person's feelings play a very big part in the life of a person and their addiction. People start to use some of the rugs in an effort to cover up these thoughts.
A person can stop their over dependency on drugs if they identify the thoughts and emotions that lead them to abuse drugs or behaviour in a certain way.
Recovering addicts can soothe the pain caused by distressful memories by repeatedly revisiting them. The positive behaviours that are learnt through CBT can thereafter be used instead of using drugs or alcohol.
The Role Of Cbt In Treating Addiction
The root causes of depression and anxiety which are common among people, and are co-occurring disorders with addiction emanate from the automatic thoughts which have imbibed themselves within the individual.
It means that automatic thoughts can make a person more likely to take drugs and drink alcohol.
Triggers - certain situations that provoke, i.e. "trigger", cravings for substance during the day - prevent many addicts from living a sober life. The National Institute On Drug Abuse has mentioned that help can be received by recovering addicts from cognitive-behavioural therapy to deal with the triggers which result in the cravings.
Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including
Helping them dismiss misconceived notions and insecurities that have possibly led to substance abuse.
Strengthen the patient with better ways of self-motivation.
Carrying out training on effective communication skills.
How To Manage Triggers
Identify the circumstances which can lead to the use of drugs and alcohol.
Try as much as possible to get away from these trigger situations.
Deal With Them (Cope)
Apply the CBT skills you have learned to sort through your thoughts and emotions to beat the urge to indulge.
Patients can well practice CBT techniques even at the places other than the therapist's office. CBT patients can use the techniques at home, office or join a support group.
Some of the self-help exercises taught in support groups such as SMART - Self Management and Recovery Training incorporate certain aspects of CBT.
Cbt Therapy Principles
To help a user to recover, there are special methods that are utilized in CBT.
Some of the exercises are:
Evaluation Of Thoughts
Patients recovering from addiction review their automatic negative thoughts and search for solid evidence that proves and contradicts these thoughts.
They are required to list the evidence in favour of or against the automatic thoughts and indulge in a comparison and a contrast to the thoughts.
The aim is to help people switch to more balanced and less rough thoughts by taking stock of what they are thinking.
For example, a person may think that a supervisor at work doesn't think highly of them. I need to have a drink to feel better' becomes 'it's normal to commit mistakes, and I can learn from the example. My manager will appreciate that I am learning from my mistakes and heeding his or her advice. I can change without having to use alcohol."
CBT 'Behavioural Experiments' Technique
By evaluating these thoughts, one gets to understand the better behaviours to follow.
Where some people may respond to self-criticism, others may prefer self-kindness.
Behavioural experiments help individuals figure out whether they are self-motivators or self-critics.
For example: "If I am harsh to myself after drinking to excess, I'll drink less" vs. "If I am kind to myself after drinking to excess, I will drink less."
Imagery Based Exposure
This involves bringing up memories that cause highly negative feelings.
The person then carefully notes what they were seeing, hearing, feeling and thinking in that moment.
The anxiousness caused by certain negative experiences can be lessened by going over these experiences over and over.
Example: A person revisits a traumatic event from their childhood. He reproduces every feeling and emotion which he experienced at that moment. Following constant experience, the recollection lessens the pain and thereby decreasing the craving for alcohol or drugs.
Pleasant Activity Program
This is a method used to reduce the monotony of routines by planning activities that are enjoyable and healthy at certain times.
The tasks included should encourage positive emotions while being uncomplicated and easy to perform.
By scheduling these simple activities that individuals can easily reduce some of the negative and automatic thoughts within the mind and gain control over the subsequent need to indulge in the use of drugs or alcohol.
Example: It will be better for an overworked financial advisor to consider relaxing at his or her desk for 15 minutes every day, rather than indulging in drugs or alcohol on the job. Instead, during this time he enjoys a song from the singer he likes very much.
The Difference Between Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Other Psychotherapies
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is more likeable than many other methods of therapy.
Addicts more often than not speak to their counsellors during a CBT meeting while the therapists listen attentively. The addicts and the therapists will be working with each other to treat the addiction.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is based on action oriented, quick treatment. Lots of mid length rehabilitation programs that last from 60 to 90 days include CBT techniques to give patients more opportunities to cop? with their problems.
Other psychotherapy approaches could take up to a number of years to produce results. In most cases, 16 sessions of CBT will yield tangible results.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can easily be adapted, which makes it very idyllic in both outpatient and inpatient situations as well as group and private counselling atmospheres. A lot of rehabilitation facilities and addiction therapists use CBT as a part of their treatment programs.