A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.
Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).
Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:
The individual takes the substance and can't stop - as a rule, for example, nicotine, liquor or drug dependence, at least one genuine endeavour was made to surrender, however unsuccessfully.
Reactions when trying to stop taking the drug, when the body has less of the substance than it is used to, it reacts, and the person can have physical pains and altered moods. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
There may be abruptly increased craving. Sleeplessness is a typical symptom of withdrawal. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
Public and leisure forfeiture - Some people abandon their lifestyles to pursue drugs. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping a good reserve - addicts will at all times ensure that they have a good reserve of the substance, even when they do not have a lot of cash. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
Having stashes - the dependent individual may have little supplies of their substance shrouded away in various parts of the house or auto; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. An alcoholic might drink quickly to get drunk faster and feel good.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.
Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.